2015年9-10月托福写作预测

来源:智美教育    编辑:智美小编    发布日期:2015/9/10 14:23:54

摘要:2015年9-10月托福写作考题预测,托福培训教师倾情奉献。

2015年9-10月托福写作考题预测,托福培训教师倾情奉献。 

 

综合任务:

1. Richard III是否杀了他的侄子来争夺王位。

阅读文章观点:

1). 阅读说他有杀人动机,因为想当king;

2). 除了莎士比亚还有很多其他作家也这么觉得;

3). 伦敦塔里有小孩的头骨在房间里,证明是他杀的;

 

听力逐一反驳:

1). 还有很多其他方法当king, 比如说他哥哥和老婆的婚姻非法,婚姻不被认可,侄子也无法合理继承;

2). 这是值得怀疑的,因为这些作家和理查德的敌人Tudors有关,朵朵想瓦解理查德的统治;

3). 当时有很多小孩在伦敦塔,不能判断是谁的,也不能断定年龄和性别;

 

2. 讨论将solar technology当作fossil fuels的一个alternative的可能性。

阅读文章观点:

1). Solar energy没有other sources带来的pollutant, 比如没有fossil fuel的pollutant和没有nuclear energy的radioactive contamination;

2). Solar energy is always available and plentiful, 太阳能不像其他能源需要be mined with great effort, 而且可以store起来等没阳光的日子用;

3). Solar energy能在remote locations使用,比如mountains and ships, 现在这些边远地区难以接电线和管道,所以能源使用困难,然而他们可以用solar panels, 就可以自己发电;

 

听力逐一反驳:

1). 使用solar energy需要大量占地,比如纽约如果要用太阳能,那么得占用它25%的土地面积来建thousands of panels, 而在土地越来越珍贵的今天,大量占用土地也是一种environmental problem;

2). 储藏太阳能的电池是metal做的,那些metal也需要be mined with effort, 太阳能的使用也会被affected by nature resources;

3). Solar energy is a complex technology. 如果你在city里,solar energy的设备坏了,修起来还方便;如果在边远地方,那就要花很长时间来修,也很困难,所以边远地区还是用gasoline好,easy to maintain。

 

独立任务:

1. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Students could receive better and more efficient education if they spend 11 months a year studying.

 

Sample answer:

In most countries around the world, students study at school for less than 10 months of a year, enjoying the remaining 2 months mostly as a long summer vacation. This, in my opinion, is a less efficient educational system for the students. Students who take very long summer vacations tend to forget what they have previously learned. This means that when school starts again, much time is wasted on refreshing the memories of the students. Ending this cycle with shorter summers results in a stronger, more productive school year.

 

When students have long summer vacations and only attend school nine or ten months out of the year, they tend to forget their lessons. This is especially true of older students, who are learning more difficult subjects such as high-level math and world history. The numerous summer weeks drift by and students just laze around and have fun, giving little thought to school. Bit by bit, the equations of algebra start to become hazy. The details of World War I become muddled. However, if summer break is just a month long and the students attend school the other eleven months of the year, their brains will retain far more information. They’re given just enough time to relax and then get right back to work. A two or three month summer break is dangerously long, which is unnecessary and damaging.

 

This loss of knowledge over long summers has even further negative effects on the part of the forgotten their lessons from the previous year. To be able to move forward, the teachers have to repeat what they have taught previously. This could lead to an endless cycle of learning something, forgetting most of it, being reminded, over and over and over. Cutting short long vacations, giving students no opportunity to forget, is therefore very conducive towards more effective teaching.

 

Some people might argue that studying for 11 months of a year may be too stressful for students, so they need to break away from school for 2 or more months to relax, and to develop an interest in non-academic subjects such as music and painting. However, they don’t have to do so continuously over two or more months completely away from school. There is always time after regular school hours like late afternoon periods, or during the weekends, when students can enjoy the fun of exploring something different.

 

That’s why I believe that a school year lasting eleven months would be a good idea. The very long summers where students forget information would be avoided. This would mean that the autumn lessons wouldn’t be just reminders of old, forgotten information. The school year would therefore be more productive. It would be heavily-focused on new information, getting to the students faster and sinking-in better.

 

 

2. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Teachers should assign homework for students every day.

 

Sample answer:

Most students in this world struggle daily with their homework. Many teachers believe that daily homework is the key to education and school success. I agree with this opinion. Here are my reasons.

 

First, daily homework can reinforce the knowledge students learned at school. A student cannot concentrate every minute, and remember everything that a teacher taught in class. Daily homework is the best way for students to review what he learned during the day, and study on the problems that he do not understand, and prepare for the next day’s work.

 

Second, daily homework is the basis for success in exams. This is especially true for those students who are not so bright, and the only way to succeed in school is doing homework each day. Whenever the homework flags the class behavior dips, the social behavior is muddled, and the grades take a nosedive. No matter what the ability of a student, daily homework is the key to students’ school success.

 

Third, daily homework can help students develop good learning habits. Learning is not always an enjoyable experience and students always need to spend hard time on it. Daily homework can form a kind of habit of learning for students. Once a habit is formed, learning is not such a painful thing and a student can find it more and more interesting. Obviously this will greatly benefit to a student.

 

In conclusion, daily homework is crucial to students’ success. Life requires us to keep learning in order to catch on with this fast pacing society. A good learning habit and method that we developed when we are students can benefit us for the rest of our life.

 

 

3. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Drivers have to pay a fee for driving in busy city streets when there is a great amount of traffic.

 

Sample answer:

I agree and believe that charging drivers a congestion fee for driving in certain busy areas of the city is a rather good idea. The inconvenience of the fee will force people to rely on public transportation more, which is better for the environment. Money earned from the fees will aid the local government and perhaps be less annoying to drivers than other driving citations. Businesses within the congestion charge zones would also benefit from a more pleasant daily environment, their shops being easily accessible to pedestrians and not adjacent to honking, dangerous cars.

 

First of all, this policy is tremendously helpful to the environment and local air quality. For those who would have to pass through a congestion charge zone on their route to work or school, being required to pay a fee twice daily would be an irksome inconvenience. There would be an endless succession of notices, deadlines, and payments. Most people wouldn’t stand for it and instead would opt to take public transportation, such as the bus or subway. This obviously would reduce traffic congestion. And by doing so, exhaust emissions being released into the air from numerous automobiles would also be reduced.

 

The local government would also be assisted by a congestion fee, as it would be the one receiving the money collected. Of course, drivers never like fees or tickets of any kind. But perhaps, if the income from congestion fees was steady enough, other minor driving and parking violations would not be so strictly enforced because money was not so vital of an issue for the local government. The quotas would already be filled for the week or the month. It seems drivers would prefer the constancy of congestion fees to the frustrating surprise of a questionable parking ticket.

 

Finally, the neighborhoods and businesses inside the congestion charge zones would become much more pleasant, benefiting customers and business owners alike. With less cars clogging up the roads and zooming around haphazardly, those areas would become more pedestrian-friendly. The general atmosphere would also improve, with decreased horn honking and exhaust fumes. Everything would be quieter and relaxed. Both locals and tourists would likely be drawn to these neighborhoods, resulting in an economic upswing.

 

In conclusion, I believe that charging a congestion fee to drivers in certain areas of the city is an idea with a lot of merit. Drivers needing to regularly cross into a congestion charge zone would switch to public transportation, which helps the environment. The local government would be aided by the fees and perhaps be more lenient toward other minor vehicle violations. And the neighborhoods within the congestion charge zones would become cleaner, quieter, and more inviting, leading to increased shoppers and more money being put into the local economy.

 

 

4. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? In twenty years’ time, people will lead a more leisurely life.

 

Sample answer:

I disagree with this. I think society is moving in a direction where people will be busier and working more than ever in the future. People will have more options to turn their passions into businesses, jobs and careers will be more appreciated, and people will feel more compelled to help others in their spare time.

 

Work and leisure used to be quite separated. Imagine someone in the 1950s, for example. They would come home from the office, put their slippers on, and watch some television in the evening. Maybe on the weekends they would do some woodworking in the backyard, building bird houses and end tables for fun. But in today’s world (and looking ahead to the future), it is so much easier to make businesses out of our hobbies. If you’re good at building bird houses, why not sell them online and get some recognition and money for your talent? If you think you have a good knowledge of wine, why not start a blog where you review the local vineyards? People still have fun, but the internet helps their spare time and hobbies be a little more productive.

 

In these shaky economic times, where jobs can sometimes be hard to find, I think that people are going to appreciate any work that they can get. Quitting your job to spend more time at home might not be a realistic or appealing option. There won’t be any guarantees that you will easily get a job again when you need to. So I think most people will keep their heads down and just gratefully accept any work that they can get.

 

Finally, the world is generally more compassionate than it has been in the past. There are so many charities and non-profit organizations out there that are very easy to find and volunteer for. It has become almost expected to devote some of your spare time to helping others. This doesn’t have to be a daily or even a weekly event. But it is a part of many people’s lives and I think it will continue to be. And it is a form of work, rather than leisure. There just isn’t any payment involved. That is why I think people will have less leisure time in twenty years. Based on current trends, hobbies will become mixed with business, regular jobs will not be discarded willingly, and increased volunteer time will mean increased work for the average person.

 

 

5. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The best way to truly relax and reduce stress is to spend time alone.

 

Sample answer:

I agree with this idea. Although being with others is enjoyable when you’re already in good spirits, it can be exhausting when you are stressed out. On the other hand, when you are by yourself, you are free to truly do nothing and let yourself unwind. You can also focus on your own particular little pleasures, rather than shared activities that might not reduce stress very much. Finally, when you’re alone, you are given the quiet atmosphere necessary to organize your thoughts and plans.

 

When you are around others, especially friends, you feel an obligation to keep actively doing things. Rarely do people just sit in silence together! Maybe you go shopping with your friends a lot or go to the park down the street whenever people visit. Even if you’re just sitting and talking with your friends, you are engaging with them. You’re thinking, listening, reacting, speaking, telling stories. Normally, this is fine and enjoyable. But if you’re extremely stressed out after a hard day at work or school, it can be burdensome. Interacting with someone takes energy. If you’re already exhausted and frazzled, it doesn’t help things.

 

Alone, you don’t feel this requirement to be energetic and fun. You can take a nap. You can meditate. You can lay on your couch and count all the ceiling tiles above your head—it doesn’t matter! You can truly relax and try to recuperate from whatever has been stressful. Additionally, you can choose lazy activities that are particular and comforting to you. Even watching a movie is different when you’re alone. There’s no agreeing or compromising on what to watch. You can watch three cartoon movies in a row, if you want, and eat chocolate ice cream while you do it. No one is watching you. If it makes you feel less stressed, do it! Any silly little thing becomes a welcome relief.

 

There is also the benefit of not having any distractions or noises to bother you when you are alone. You can sit down, take a breath, and organize your muddled thoughts. You can think over your workday or recent assignment and contemplate how everything is going. If you need to make a change in your routine or set a new goal, you can plan it while you are alone and in a nice quiet space. This can potentially decrease your stress levels in the future. The key is getting that moment of calm and clarity.

 

That’s why I think that, yes, the best way to relax and reduce stress is to spend time alone. You do not have to force yourself to keep up with the energy levels of others, you can be as silly as you want in order to relax, and you have enough quiet and solitude to gather your thoughts and plan your next steps.



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